Mollusks

Timothy A. Pearce
Assistant Curator and Head of Section

Pearcepearcet@carnegiemnh.org
4400 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-4080
412.622.1916

Click for full bio  

Academic Training 

PhD, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Biology, 1994
MSc, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Biology, 1991
MA, University of California, Berkeley, California, Paleontology, 1988
BSc, Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington, Marine Biology, 1979

Click here for print version of CV (Microsoft Word)  

Appointments 

Assistant Curator of Mollusks & Section Head, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, 2002–present
Assistant Curator of Mollusks, Delaware Museum of Natural History, 1997–2001
Lecturer, University of Michigan Biological Station, summers, 1996–2000
Postdoctoral Associate, SUNY, Stony Brook, Madagascar land snails, 1995–1996
Teaching Fellow, Department of Biology and Biological Station, University of Michigan, 1987–1994
Teaching Assistant, Department of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley, 1987
Senior Museum Preparator, Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley, 1982–1987
Biological Technician, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Olympia, WA, 1979–1982
Research Technician, Department of Biology, Evergreen State College, 1977–1978

Professional Affiliations 

American Malacological Society (since 1981)
Unitas Malacologica (since 1986)
Western Society of Malacologists (since 1980)
California Malacozoological Society (since 1982)
Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1985–2006)
Ecological Society of America (1984–2011)

Research Interests  

  • Ecology and systematics of mollusks. Biogeographical, ecological, and behavioral studies on terrestrial gastropods
  • Inventory and distribution of land snails and slugs in eastern USA

Current Research 

  • Land snail distribution in eastern USA
  • Pennsylvania—funded by PA Wild Resources Conservation Program
  • Delmarva Peninsula—funded by US National Science Foundation
  • Maine—funded by Maine Outdoor Heritage Fund and others
  • New York State—funded by NY Biodiversity Research Institute
  • West Virginia—West Virginia Division of Natural Resources
  • Biogeography of land snails on islands in the US Great Lakes
  • Systematics of North American land snails
  • Land Snails of Colombia, South America

Publications  

Pearce, T.A. & Paustian, M.E. 2013. Are temperate land snails susceptible to climate change through reduced altitudinal ranges? A Pennsylvania example. American Malacological Bulletin 31(2): 213-224. [pdf, 0.8Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. & Paustian, M.E. 2013. Omphalotropis ilapiryensis, a replacement name for O. costulata Emberton and Pearce, 1999 (Gastropoda: Littorinimorpha: Assimineidae). Nautilus 127(2): 90-91. [pdf, 0.4Mb] 

Johnson, C.T. & Pearce, T.A. 2013. Do micro snails follow conspecific mucous trails? Experiments with Vallonia excentrica (Pulmonata: Valloniidae). American Malacological Bulletin 31(1): 51-55. [pdf, 0.6Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. & Sturm, C.F. 2013. Introduction to the James H. Lee symposium, “Great Unanswered Questions in Malacology,” 77th annual meeting of the American Malacological Society. American Malacological Bulletin 31(1): 105-107. [pdf, 0.1Mb] 

Pearce, T.A., Mulvihill, R.S. & Porter, K.A. 2012. Land slugs (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) on birds demonstrate dispersal potential. Nautilus 126(1): 38-40. [pdf, 0.4Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. & Porter, K.A. 2011. Do Philomycus carolinianus (Gastropoda: Philomycidae) prefer to congregate? Nautilus 125: 83-85. [pdf, 0.4Mb] 

Örstan, A., Sparks, J.L. & Pearce, T.A. 2011. Wayne Grimm’s legacy: A 40-year experiment on the dispersal of Cepaea nemoralis in Frederick County, Maryland. American Malacological Bulletin 29: 139-142. [pdf, 0.1Mb] 

Pearce, T.A., Olori, J.C. & Kemezis, K.W. 2010. Land snails from St. Elzear Cave, Gaspé Peninsula, Quebec: antiquity of Cepaea hortensis in North America. Annals of Carnegie Museum 79(1):65-78. [pdf, 0.3Mb] 

Hotopp, K.P., Pearce, T.A., Nekola, J.C. & Schmidt, K. 2010. New land snail (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) distribution records for New York State. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 159:25-30. [pdf, 0.6Mb] 

Jensen, R.H. & Pearce, T.A. 2009. Marine Mollusks of Bermuda: Checklist and Bibliography. Delaware Museum of Natural History, Wilmington, Delaware. x + 473 pp.

Muhs, D.R., Skipp, S.G., Schumann, R.R., Johnson, D.L., McGeehin, J.P., Beann, J., Freeman, J., Pearce, T.A. & Rowland, Z.M. 2009. The origin and paleoclimatic significance of carbonate sand dunes deposited on the California Channel Islands during the last glacial period. In: Damiani, C.C. & Garcelon, D.K. (eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh California Islands Symposium, Oxnard, California, February 5 – 8, 2008. Institute for Wildlife Studies, Arcata, CA. Pp. 3-14. [pdf, 1.3Mb] 

Welter-Schultes, F., et al. [60 authors including Pearce, T.A.] 2009. Comment on the proposed Amendment of Articles of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature to expand and refine methods of publication. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 66(3):215-219. [pdf, 61Kb] 

Pearce, T.A. 2008. When a snail dies in the forest, how long will the shell persist? Effect of dissolution and micro-bioerosion. American Malacological Bulletin 26:111-117. [pdf, 0.3Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. & Evans, R. 2008. Freshwater Mollusca of Plummers Island, Maryland. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 15(1):20-30. [pdf, 78Kb] 

Hotopp, K.P., Pearce, T.A. & Dourson, D.C. 2008. Land Snails of the Cheat River Canyon, West Virginia (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Banisteria 31:40-46. [pdf, 1.1Mb] 

Allnut, T.F., Ferrier, S., Manion, G., Powell, G.V.N., Ricketts, T.H., Fisher, B.L., Harper, G.J., Kremen, C., Labat, J.-N., Lees, D.C., Pearce, T.A. & Rakotondrainibe, F. 2008. A method for quantifying biodiversity loss and its application to a 50-year record of deforestation across Madagascar. Conservation Letters 1:173-181. [pdf, 0.2Mb] 

Pearce, T.A., Fields, M.C. & Kurita, K. 2007. Discriminating shells of Gastrocopta pentodon (Say, 1822) and G. tappaniana (C.B. Adams, 1842) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) with an example from the Delmarva Peninsula, eastern USA. Nautilus 121(2):66-75. [pdf, 0.9Mb] 

Brady, J.K. & Pearce, T.A. 2007. Terrestrial slugs in strip mined and unmined forested land, Tuscarawas County, Ohio, U.S.A. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences 156:117-122. [pdf, 80Kb] 

Örstan, A., Yildirim, M.Z., Ceylan, S., Pearce, T.A. & Welter-Schultes, F. 2007. [A new species of Idyla (Pulmonata: Clausiliidae)] from Aydin Mountains, Turkey and the associated land snail fauna. Journal of Conchology 39(3):329-334. [pdf, 0.2Mb] 

Sturm, C.F., Pearce, T.A. & Valdes, A. 2006. The Mollusks: A Guide to Their Study, Collection, and Preservation. American Malacological Society, Special Publication 4. Universal Publishers, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida. xii + 445 pp.

Pearce, T.A. & Örstan, A. 2006. Terrestrial Gastropoda. Chapter 22, 261-285 in Molluscs: A Guide to Their Study, Collection, and Preservation (C.F. Sturm, T.A. Pearce, and Á. Valdés, eds.). American Malacological Society, Special Publication 4. Universal Publishers, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida. [pdf, 0.4Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. 2006. Donating Amateur Collections to Museums. Chapter 14, pp 189-196 in Molluscs: A Guide to Their Study, Collection, and Preservation (C.F. Sturm, T.A. Pearce, and Á. Valdés, eds.). American Malacological Society, Special Publication 4. Universal Publishers, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida. [pdf, 0.1Mb] 

Sturm, C.F., Petit, R., Pearce, T.A., Cummings, K., Schwabe, E., & Wanniger, A. 2006. The molluscan literature. Chapter 9, pp 111-146 in Molluscs: A Guide to Their Study, Collection, and Preservation (C.F. Sturm, T.A. Pearce, and Á. Valdés, eds.). American Malacological Society, Special Publication 4. Universal Publishers, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida. [pdf, 0.5Mb] 

Sturm, C.F., Pearce, T.A. & Valdés, Á. 2006. The mollusks: introductory comments. Chapter 1, pp 1-7 in Molluscs: A Guide to Their Study, Collection, and Preservation (C.F. Sturm, T.A. Pearce, and Á. Valdés, eds.). American Malacological Society, Special Publication 4. Universal Publishers, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida. [pdf, 0.1Mb] 

Sturm, C.F. & Pearce, T.A. 2006. Glossary. Pp 441-445 in Molluscs: A Guide to Their Study, Collection, and Preservation (C.F. Sturm, T.A. Pearce, and Á. Valdés, eds.). American Malacological Society, Special Publication 4. Universal Publishers, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida. [pdf, 0.1Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. & Murphy, M.S. 2006. Identification guide to conspicuous land snails and slugs of Powdermill Nature Reserve, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Published by Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Section of Mollusks and Powdermill Nature Reserve. 18 pp [unnumbered].

Gilpin, D. [author], Pearce, T.A. [content adviser], and Young, T.E., Jr., [scientific adviser]. 2006. Snails, Shellfish & Other Mollusks. Compass Point Books, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 48 pp.

Örstan, A., Pearce, T.A. & Welter-Schultes, F. 2005. Land snail diversity in a threatened limestone district near Istanbul, Turkey. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 28(2):181-188. [pdf, 0.2Mb] 

Sayenko, E.M., Pearce, T.A. & Shea, E.K. 2005. Glochidial morphology of selected species of the genera Cristaria Schumacher, 1817 and Sinanodonta Modell, 1945 (Bivalvia: Unionidae) from Far Eastern Russia. American Malacological Bulletin 20:11-21. [pdf, 0.2Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. 2004. Gastropoda, Terrestrial Snails. Pp. 529-574 in Natural History of Madagascar (S.M. Goodman and J.P. Benstead, eds.). University of Chicago Press.

Pearce, T.A. & Bayne, E.G. 2003. Records of the Arion hortensis species complex in Delaware and Pennsylvania, eastern United States. Veliger 46(4):362-363. [pdf, 0.1Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. 2003. A guardian for mollusks (Response to the article by Leonard Krishtalka regarding the mollusk collection at Carnegie Museum of Natural History). Museum News 82(5):7.

Pearce, T.A., Prozorova, L.A. & Kuwahara, Y. 2002. Terrestrial Mollusca on the Kuril Islands: previous records and problems for study. Bulletin of the Russian Far East Malacological Society 6:89-101.

Emberton, K.C. & Pearce, T.A. 2000. Small high-spired pulmonates from Mounts Mahermana, Ilapiry, and Vasiha, southeastern Madagascar, with description of a new genus, and with conservation statuses of 15 streptaxid species. Veliger 43:126-135.

Emberton, K.C. & Pearce, T.A. 2000. Helicarionid snails of Mounts Mahermana, Ilapiry, and Vasiha, southeastern Madagascar. Veliger 43:218-247.

Emberton, K.C. & Pearce, T.A. 2000. Charopid snails of Mounts Mahermana, Ilapiry, and Vasiha, southeastern Madagascar, with description of a new genus and with conservation statuses of nine species. Veliger 43:248-264.

Naranjo-García, E., Polaco, O.J. & Pearce, T.A. 2000. A new genus and species of semi-slug (Pulmonata: Helicoidea) from southern Chiapas, Mexico. Archiv für Molluskenunde 128:153-161.

Emberton, K.C. & Pearce, T.A. 1999. Land caenogastropods of Mounts Mahermana, Ilapiry, and Vasiha, southeastern Madagascar, with conservation statuses of 17 species of Boucardicus. Veliger 42:338-372.

Emberton, K.C., Pearce, T.A. & Randalana, R. 1999. Molluscan diversity in the unconserved Vohimena and the conserved Anosy mountain chains, southeast Madagascar. Biological Conservation 89:183-188.

Pearce, T.A. 1997. Interference and resource competition in two land snails: adults inhibit conspecific juvenile growth in field and laboratory. Journal of Molluscan Studies 63:389-399.

Emberton, K.C., Pearce, T.A., Kasigwa, P.F. Tattersfield, P. & Habibu, Z. 1997. High diversity and regional endemism in land snails of eastern Tanzania. Biodiversity and Conservation 6:1123-1136.

Emberton, K.C., Pearce, T.A. & Randalana, R. 1996. Quantitatively sampling land-snail species richness in Madagascan rainforests. Malacologia 38:203-212. [pdf, 0.3Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. & Gaertner, A. 1996. Optimal foraging and mucus-trail following in the snail-eating snail Haplotrema concavum (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Malacological Review 29:85-99. [pdf, 0.5Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. 1994. Terrestrial gastropods of Mackinac Island, Michigan, U.S.A. Walkerana 7:47-53.

Pearce, T.A. 1993. Micrarionta (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) on San Nicolas Island, California. Evolutionary relationship among the species. Malacological Review 26:15-50.

Karowe, D.N., Pearce, T.A. & Spaller, W.R. 1993. Chemical communication in freshwater snails: Behavioral responses of Physa parkeri to mucous trails of P. parkeri (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) and Campeloma decisum (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Malacological Review 26:9-14.

Pearce, T.A. & Blanchard, D. 1993 [1992]. Arion hortensis s.s., an introduced slug in Michigan. Walkerana 6(16):243-244. [pdf, 72Kb] 

Pearce, T.A. 1992 [1990]. Spool and line technique for tracing field movements of terrestrial snails. Walkerana 4(12):307-316. [pdf, 0.4Mb] 

Pearce, T.A. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships of Micrarionta (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) and distinctness of the species on San Nicolas Island, California. Malacological Review 23:1-37.

Burch, J.B. & Pearce, T.A. 1990. Terrestrial Gastropoda. Pp. 201-309 in D.L. Dindall (ed.), Soil Biology Guide. Wiley & Sons, Inc., New Jersey.

Pearce, T.A. 1989. Loping locomotion in terrestrial gastropods. Walkerana 3(10):229-237. [pdf, 985 Kb] 

Roth, B. & Pearce, T.A. 1988. "Micrarionta" dallasi, a helicinid (prosobranch), not a helminthoglyptid (pulmonate), land snail: paleoclimatic implications. Southwestern Naturalist 33:117-119.

Pearce, T.A. 1986. Review of The distributions of the native land mollusks of the Eastern United States by L. Hubricht, 1985. Veliger 28(4):467-468.

Roth, B. & Pearce, T.A. 1984. Vitrea contracta (Westerlund) and other introduced land mollusks in Lynnwood, Washington. Veliger 27:90-92.