|Carl V. Hartman and the Costa Rica Collections
C.V. Hartman at the Chinchilla site during the initial phase of excavation
Hartman participated in three professional meetings during his tenure at
Carnegie Museum. Information about his involvement is compiled from various
sources in the archives at Carnegie Museum of Natural History and from publications
from the meetings.
Congress of Arts and Science
In September 1904, the Congress of Arts and Science convened in St. Louis,
Missouri, in conjunction with the Universal Exposition (World's Fair). Hartman
spent a week at the exposition studying various ethnological exhibitions and
attending the meetings of the Ethnological and Archaeological sections of
Hartman presented a paper entitled "Recent Archaeological Investigations
on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica." It does not appear in the volume covering
Anthropology of the published proceedings of the Congress of Arts and
For the museum, Hartman "...
purchased from the Coco-Maricopa Indians at the Fair (for $3) a small
collection of their pottery and the peculiar implements
they use for its manufacture."
American Anthropological Association
Hartman attended the American Anthropological Association annual meeting
in Ithaca, New York, from December 26-29, 1905. Participation in this meeting
must have been especially gratifying because it was held jointly with the
Archaeological Institute of America, American Folklore Society, and American
Philological Association (an association for the study of linguistics).
Hartman attended sessions of
the Committee for the Preservation of Antiquities of the United States,
of which he had been honored with membership. He also
presented a paper entitled "Use and Ornamentation of the tree-calabash in
tropical America." He published the article later in German and French.
After the Ithaca meeting, Hartman traveled to institutions in New York
City; The Peabody Museum at Yale in New Haven, Connecticut; Princeton, New
Jersey; and Washington, D.C. He spent his time meeting with archaeologist
colleagues, conducting comparative research between the artifacts at Carnegie
Museum of Natural History and other museums, and using library materials
at other institutions. Hartman was absent for almost three months, not returning
to Pittsburgh until March 14, 1906. Hartman continued to request a delayed
return, and there is no doubt that Director Holland became increasingly
annoyed by Hartman's absence.
International Congress of Americanists
Hartman's participation in previous congresses had been a significant factor
in his career transition from botany to anthropology. It was at the 13th
International Congress of Americanists in1902 in New York that he met W.
J. Holland, Director of Carnegie Museum.
As Curator of Ethnology and Archaeology
at Carnegie Museum he attended the 15th Session in Québec, Canada, in September 1906. The proceedings
of the Congress reveal that Hartman was involved in several capacities.
He is listed as the delegate for the government of Sweden even though his
address is given as Carnegie Museum. Both Hartman and Holland are listed
as "souscripteurs" (subscribers) for the proceedings although Holland did
not attend. Hartman also served on the Council of the Congress and as Chairman
of the Friday morning session. No confirmation has been made as to whether
Hartman presented a paper at the Québec Congress.
During that session Hartman announced to the Congress the death of Hjalmar
Stolpe in 1905. Stolpe had been Hartman's mentor for both museum work and
archaeological field techniques, a relationship that deepened while Hartman
served as his assistant at the Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (Museum of Natural
History) in Stockholm. Stolpe had been long associated with the International
Congress of Americanists as a participant, presenter, and delegate for Sweden.