Carl V. Hartman and the Costa Rica Collections

Scholarly Meetings

Carl V. Hartman
C.V. Hartman at the Chinchilla site during the initial phase of excavation

Hartman participated in three professional meetings during his tenure at Carnegie Museum. Information about his involvement is compiled from various sources in the archives at Carnegie Museum of Natural History and from publications from the meetings.

Congress of Arts and Science

In September 1904, the Congress of Arts and Science convened in St. Louis, Missouri, in conjunction with the Universal Exposition (World's Fair). Hartman spent a week at the exposition studying various ethnological exhibitions and attending the meetings of the Ethnological and Archaeological sections of the Congress.

Hartman presented a paper entitled "Recent Archaeological Investigations on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica." It does not appear in the volume covering Anthropology of the published proceedings of the Congress of Arts and Science.

For the museum, Hartman "... purchased from the Coco-Maricopa Indians at the Fair (for $3) a small collection of their pottery and the peculiar implements they use for its manufacture."

American Anthropological Association

Hartman attended the American Anthropological Association annual meeting in Ithaca, New York, from December 26-29, 1905. Participation in this meeting must have been especially gratifying because it was held jointly with the Archaeological Institute of America, American Folklore Society, and American Philological Association (an association for the study of linguistics).

Hartman attended sessions of the Committee for the Preservation of Antiquities of the United States, of which he had been honored with membership. He also presented a paper entitled "Use and Ornamentation of the tree-calabash in tropical America." He published the article later in German and French.

After the Ithaca meeting, Hartman traveled to institutions in New York City; The Peabody Museum at Yale in New Haven, Connecticut; Princeton, New Jersey; and Washington, D.C. He spent his time meeting with archaeologist colleagues, conducting comparative research between the artifacts at Carnegie Museum of Natural History and other museums, and using library materials at other institutions. Hartman was absent for almost three months, not returning to Pittsburgh until March 14, 1906. Hartman continued to request a delayed return, and there is no doubt that Director Holland became increasingly annoyed by Hartman's absence.

International Congress of Americanists

Hartman's participation in previous congresses had been a significant factor in his career transition from botany to anthropology. It was at the 13th International Congress of Americanists in1902 in New York that he met W. J. Holland, Director of Carnegie Museum.

As Curator of Ethnology and Archaeology at Carnegie Museum he attended the 15th Session in Québec, Canada, in September 1906. The proceedings of the Congress reveal that Hartman was involved in several capacities. He is listed as the delegate for the government of Sweden even though his address is given as Carnegie Museum. Both Hartman and Holland are listed as "souscripteurs" (subscribers) for the proceedings although Holland did not attend. Hartman also served on the Council of the Congress and as Chairman of the Friday morning session. No confirmation has been made as to whether Hartman presented a paper at the Québec Congress.

During that session Hartman announced to the Congress the death of Hjalmar Stolpe in 1905. Stolpe had been Hartman's mentor for both museum work and archaeological field techniques, a relationship that deepened while Hartman served as his assistant at the Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (Museum of Natural History) in Stockholm. Stolpe had been long associated with the International Congress of Americanists as a participant, presenter, and delegate for Sweden.

spacer spacer spacer spacer