North-South-East-West: American Indians and the Natural World

Winter Count: 1897–1907

1897 1897–1898: Cousins-Agree Winter

The Indian Appropriation Bill paid the Rosebud tribal account $120,000 for 152,656 acres of land given to the 400 or more Lower Brulé adopted into the tribe.

1898 1898–1899: Really-Glad Winter

We should be very glad we weren't moved to Oklahoma. Congress passed the Curtis Act, which destroyed all tribal jurisdiction and self-government there.

1899 1899–1900: No-Leg-to-Stand-On Winter

Swimmer, a local member of the Indian police, had his leg amputated after his horse fell on him.

1900 1900–1901: Winter of Disbelief

A U.S. Agent rented out tribal land to non-Indian ranchers in spite of a tribal moratorium against land rental.

1901 1901–1902: Bad Dog's Winter

A smallpox epidemic hit the Rosebud. One man who died was named Bad Dog.

1902 1902–1903: Long-Ride Winter

A severe winter caused cattle from Nebraska and South Dakota to wander onto Rosebud Reservation in search of food. Over 30,000 non-Indian cattle were returned to their owners in large cattle drives.

1903 1903–1904: Hands-Off Winter

The Supreme Court ruled that Congress has the right to abolish or modify its treaties without Indian consent, because Congress acts "in good faith" when conducting Indian affairs.

1904 1904–1905: Quarter-Taken Winter

Unallotted Rosebud Reservation lands were opened up and sold to outsiders.

1905 1905–1906: Loud-Voices Winter

Quadruplets were born this winter. This rare event caused much discussion about proper infant care.

1906 1906–1907: Drowning Winter

A son of Colonel Charles P. Jordan and his wife, Julia Walks First, drowned.

1907 1907–1908: Half-Gone Winter

Congress again opened up unallotted Rosebud Reservation land for sale to outsiders.

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