North-South-East-West: American Indians and the Natural World

Disappearance of the Buffalo

Buffalo range indicated by red shading


Professional buffalo hunters entered the Plains after 1870 and took 4,374,000 animals between 1872 and 1874. Three to four buffalo were killed for each hide that reached the market.

By 1878, buffalo in the southern range were gone except for small, privately owned herds.

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