Ornithology W.E. Clyde Todd Return Home
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Expeditions in the winter were best carried out by the traditional native method: kumatuk, or dogsled. However, once airplanes pushed their way into the Far North, Todd was happy to use this method after the hardships of his earlier expeditions:

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"Much of the difficulty involved in this undertaking lay in . . . circumstances incompatible with the use of ordinary means of transportation. To go in by steamer one year and wait over until the next would be a needless waste of time. A trip by dog team up the coast would be long, hard, and expensive . . .

"Traveling by airplane, although by no means inexpensive, was by comparison safe and fast . . . Fifteen years before it had taken me twelve days to cover this distance by dog team, but now we made it in a little over two hours . . ."

Photo: The airplane used on Todd's 1941 trip; skis replaced the wheels for winter travel.

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