Ornithology W.E. Clyde Todd Return Home
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At a time when the Arctic had no railways, roads, or even marked trails, Todd’s expeditions succeeded only due to the sheer determination of the explorers:

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"Our struggles on the river were as nothing compared with those we now endured. The trail climbed a steep hill seven hundred feet high . . . Getting the two-hundred-pound canoe up the hill was so hard and hazardous that for a time we were tempted to abandon the effort . . . Running the rapids was sufficiently exciting work, even for the guides . . . the men very nearly lost one of the canoes (themselves as well); they missed a rockby a hair’s breadth and came to shore
with blanched faces . . . the strong current made it necessary to “track,” that is, for some of the party to walk along the shore, dragging the canoe upstream by means of a long line, while the others remaining in the craft busied themselves in steering and in keeping it off the rock . . ."

Photo: Todd’s crew navigates whitewater on the 1912 expedition.

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