Ornithology Arthur Twomey Return Home
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For almost 400 years, the Hudson's Bay Company (called "HBC") was the primary source of goods – everything from food to clothing to fuel – in the extreme North. HBC outposts were often the only buildings standing at important coastal inlets. The scientists stopped at several of these posts during their expeditions, and Twomey captures the extreme nature of their isolation after the last train in the territory had dropped them off in 1938:

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"Between earth and sky there seemed little distinction . . . It was the end of all rails. They did not end in any blaze of glory. Civilization had just dwindled away . . ."

Photo: Hudson's Bay Post on the Belcher Islands, where the expedition lived while conducting the biological survey of the islands in 1938.

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