Virginia Land Snails



Photo(s): Fumonelix wheatleyi shell views by Dan Dourson ©.

Click photo(s) to enlarge.

Fumonelix wheatleyi (Bland, 1860)

Family: Polygyridae
Common name: Cinnamon Covert

Width: 14.5-18.0 mm
Height: 9.5-12.0 mm
Whorls: 5+

Fumonelix wheatleyi has a brown, cinnamon-colored shell with strong radial striae that give the shell a textured feel. Its umbilicus is open, and the aperture has a widely-reflected lip and a small bump-like parietal tooth. There are no spiral lines, and adult shells do not have hairs, though immature shells may.

This is a snail that lives above 2,000’, including mountain summits. It may be found under rocks, logs, and leaf litter (Hubricht, 1985). In the Smoky Mountains it is found in a variety of habitats (Dourson & Dourson, 2007).

Synonyms for F. wheatleyi include: Glyphyalinia wheatleyi, Helix wheatleyi, Mesodon wheatleyi, and Polygyra wheatleyi.

Fumonelix wheatleyi is known from Georgia to Virginia, and there is a rare subspecies F. w. clingmanicus in the Great Smoky Mountains. In Virginia, specimens from Grayson and Smyth Counties have been identified as this subspecies, probably mistakenly.

NatureServe Global Rank: G4
NatureServe State Rank: S1/S2 (for F. w. clingmanicus, probably in error)
Virginia’s wildlife action plan: Tier III (for F. w. clingmanicus)


Meegan Winslow, Ken Hotopp 8/2012

Range Map