Virginia Land Snails

Photo(s): A broken shell of Helicodiscus multidens, providing a cross-sectional view of the whorls, as well as the apertural lamellae (on the right). Image by Ken Hotopp ©.

Click photo(s) to enlarge.

Helicodiscus multidens Hubricht, 1962

Family: Helicodiscidae
Common name: Twilight Coil

Width: 4-5 mm
Height: 1.5-2 mm
Whorls: 4+

The disk-like shell of Helicodiscus multidens is adorned with fine spiral lirae and has an open umbilicus half the shell diameter. There are usually nine teeth in the final whorl – three sets, each with three teeth. Within each set of three are radial lamellae on the outer and basal walls, which are narrowly connected to each other, and across from a broad, curved tooth on the parietal wall. The aperture is rounded, with a simple lip.

Helicodiscus multidens prefers calcium-rich environments, particularly caves (Hubricht, 1962). It also may be found on the undersides of rocks, especially limestone, and under leaf litter on wooded hillsides and river bluffs.

Hubricht (1965) also described Helicodiscus enneodon, but later synonymized this species with H. multidens.

Helicodiscus multidens is scattered in several counties across the Appalachian Mountains in Virginia and Tennessee. In Virginia it is known only from the western part of the state.

NatureServe Global Rank: G3
NatureServe State Rank: S2
Virginia’s wildlife action plan: Tier IV


Meegan Winslow, Ken Hotopp 11/2012

Range Map