Virginia Land Snails



Photo(s): Three views of a tiny Lucilla singleyana shell by Jeff Nekola ©.

Click photo(s) to enlarge.

Lucilla singleyana (Pilsbry, 1889)

Family: Helicodiscidae
Common name: Smooth Coil

Width: 2-2.5 mm
Height: 1 mm or slightly less
Whorls: 3+

The tiny, fragile, translucent shell of Lucilla singleyana has a glossy surface marked by growth wrinkles and some additional radial grooves. Under high magnification, very faint spiral lirae may become apparent. The open umbilicus is about one-third the diameter of the entire shell, and the aperture is about the same size as the umbilicus.

In eastern Europe where this species and its relative L. scintilla are introduced, they are distinguished by shell color, size, and shape (Horsák et al, 2009). The shell of Lucilla scintilla is yellowish, smaller, and flatter than L. singleyana. Both Lucilla species have a smooth and glossy shell surface, while Hawaiia species exhibit a crosshatch of fine striae.

Lucilla singleyana prefers open land, including dry grasslands, bare rock and talus, roadsides, and urban terrain (Nekola, 2009).

Synonyms for Lucilla singleyana include Helicodiscus singleyanus, Helicodiscus (Hebetodiscus) singleyanus singleyanus, Hyalinala eviuscula, H. texana, Zonites singleyanus, and Zonitoides singleyanus.

This animal is known from much of the northeastern and midwestern United States. In Virginia it is reported from only a few mid-western counties.

NatureServe Global Rank: G5
NatureServe State Rank: S2S4


Meegan Winslow, Ken Hotopp 11/2012

Range Map