Virginia Land Snails

Photo(s): Mesomphix capnodes shell images by Larry Watrous ©.

Click photo(s) to enlarge.

Mesomphix capnodes (W. G. Binney, 1857)

Family: Zonitidae
Common name: Dusky Button

Width: 28 -35 mm
Height: 17.5 – 26.0 mm
Whorls: 5

Mesomphix capnodes is large, and has a shell shaped like many other species in its family, with a low apex, thin lip, rounded whorls and a large outer whorl. It has a small umbilicus, and a big downward-tilting aperture, two features that are more pronounced here than in the similar shell of M. cupreus. Its most important distinguishing feature is its shell microsculpture – fine spiral threads that are cross-hatched to create rows of small bumps or papillae.  The shell may have a greenish tint, darkening toward the lip.

This species is a calciphile and can be found under leaf litter in upland forests (Hubricht, 1985).

Synonyms for M. capnodes are:  Helix kopnodes, Mesomphix cupreus ozarkensis, M. c. miktus, Omphalina kopnodes, and Zonites capnodes.

Mesomphix capnodes is mainly an animal of southern hill lands, concentrated most heavily in and around the Arkansas-Oklahoma border and in Alabama and Tennessee.  In Virginia its reports are scattered in the west, and some are suspect due to this species' similarity to its relatives.
NatureServe Global Rank: G5
NatureServe State Rank: S3


Greg Kimber, Ken Hotopp 7/2012

Range Map