Virginia Land Snails
Photo(s): Views of a Paravitrea pontis shell from Pilsbry (1946), with permission of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia at Drexel University.
Shells by Ken Hotopp ©. Black-background paratype specimen images by Francisco Borrero/ANSP at Drexel University ©.
Click photo(s) to enlarge.
Paravitrea pontis H. B. Baker, 1931
Common name: Natural Bridge Supercoil
Width: 5-6 mm
Height: 2.5-3.5 mm
The shell of Paravitrea pontis has a low spire and is marked with irregularly-spaced radial striae on the later whorls. In very immature shells, radially-oriented lamellae are present in the interior of the last whorl. In some cases the final whorl may be abruptly expanded before the aperture. Older shells may have a deflected aperture, leading to confusion when identifying the species.
This animal prefers calcium-rich environments, where it may be found under leaf litter on wooded slopes (Hubricht, 1985). In the Covington region it is found in patches of richer forest that are rocky and mesic, sometimes hillside seeps or limestone rock walls on lower slopes.
Prior to its description this snail was assigned to Paravitrea (s. s.) capsella.
Paravitrea pontis is known only from the mountains of Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, and Kentucky.
NatureServe Global Rank: G3
NatureServe State Rank: S2
Virginia’s wildlife action plan: Tier III
Meegan Winslow, Ken Hotopp 2/2014Range Map